Clinical PNI

Maurice Kool & André Frankhuizen, Bonusan


Clinical psycho-neuro-immunology (cPNI) originates from the science of PNI, which was developed in the early 1980s by the Americans Ader, Felten and Cohen. At the Natura Foundation, the knowledge centre for clinical PNI and nutritional therapy, the body of thought relating to PNI  has undergone further development and elaboration, enabling this discipline to be used in clinical practice by Dutch pioneers, the late Bram van Dam and Leo Pruimboom. Since then, psycho-neuro-immunology has undergone tremendous growth and plays a key role as the science which links the existing medical specialisms together.


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